Synthesis of poly(styrene oxide) with different molecular weights using tin catalysts

Kayan A.

DESIGNED MONOMERS AND POLYMERS, vol.18, no.6, pp.545-549, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 18 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/15685551.2015.1041086
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.545-549
  • Keywords: inorganic compounds, styrene oxide, polymers, infrared spectroscopy (IR), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), RING-OPENING POLYMERIZATION, STYRENE OXIDE, DERIVATIVES, COMPLEXES, EPOXIDES, SYSTEM, SN, AL
  • Kocaeli University Affiliated: Yes


The polymerization reactions of styrene oxide (SO) at different temperatures for different time intervals were performed by four different tin catalysts, tin(IV) perfluorooctanoate (PFO-Sn), tin(IV) methacrylate (MAc-Sn), tin(II) chloride (SnCl2), and SnCl2/hexamethyldisilazane. Tin(IV) perfluorooctanoate and methacrylate compounds have been prepared from perfluorooctanoic acid, methacrylic acid, and tin tert-butoxide in tert-butanol. The Sn-PFO and Sn-MAc compounds were characterized by H-1, C-13 NMR, FTIR, and elemental analysis. These four compounds were tested as catalysts in polymerization of SO and were effective. Polystyrene oxide (PSO) was characterized by H-1, C-13 NMR, and gel permeation chromatography. High molecular weight of PSO (~138,000Da) was recorded for the first time by this study.