A viral infection of the hand commonly seen after the feast of sacrifice: human orf (orf of the hand)

Uzel M., Sasmaz S., Bakaris S., Cetinus E., Bilgic E., Karaoguz A., ...More

EPIDEMIOLOGY AND INFECTION, vol.133, no.4, pp.653-657, 2005 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 133 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Doi Number: 10.1017/s0950268805003778
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.653-657
  • Kocaeli University Affiliated: Yes


Orf of the hand is an uncommon zoonotic infection caused by a dermotropic DNA virus that belongs to the Parapoxvirus genus of the family Poxviridae. It is transmitted to humans through contact with infected sheep and goats and is reported as an occupational disease. We report nine cases of human orf seen in the hands of individuals, who were not occupationally exposed, after the feast of sacrifice in Turkey. Three cases were teachers and six out of the nine were housewives. We observed musculoskeletal complications and misdiagnoses. It is important to consider human orf in the differential diagnosis of hand lesions to prevent overtreatment and complications.