Investigation of the effect of comorbid psychopathologies on glycemic control in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus


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KARDAŞ B., KARDAŞ Ö., Demiral M., Unal E., Ozbek M. N.

KLINIK PSIKIYATRI DERGISI-TURKISH JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PSYCHIATRY, vol.25, no.2, pp.148-154, 2022 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.5505/kpd.2022.44712
  • Journal Name: KLINIK PSIKIYATRI DERGISI-TURKISH JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PSYCHIATRY
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Psycinfo, Directory of Open Access Journals, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.148-154
  • Keywords: Type 1 diabetes mellitus, children, adolescents, adhd, psychiatric disorder, PREVALENCE, DISORDERS, RISK, ILLNESS, IMPACT
  • Kocaeli University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Objective: The presence of comorbid psychiatric conditions in chronic diseases makes the management of the disease difficult. Our study, we aimed to examine the relationship between psychiatric comorbid conditions and glycemic control in children and adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes. Method: In our study, depending on the number of patients, good and moderate controls were evaluated as a single group, and HbA1c levels of 8.5 and below were included in this group. Children for Depression Inventory (CDI), Screen for Child Anxiety-Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED), Turgay Child and Adolescent Behavioral Disorders Based on DSM-IV Screening and Evaluation Scale were applied. The case and parents were evaluated with K-SADS-PL.Among 778 diabetic patients who were followed up in the pediatric endocrinology clinic, 73 cases between the ages of 8 and 17 who were followed up regularly, who did not have any comorbidities and who accepted to participate in the study were evaluated psychiatrically. Results: Of the 73 cases included in the study, 29 were accepted as the patients with good glycemic control (HbA1c <= 8.5 mg / dl), and 44 as with poor glycemic control (HbA1c>8.5mg / dl). In cases with poor glycemic control, parents' education level and income level were significantly lower, while the rate of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder, major depressive disorder, social anxiety disorder and psychopathology was significantly higher. Discussion: The findings of this study revealed that there are many factors affecting glycemic control and there is a strong relationship between glycemic control and psychopathologies.