EURASIAN JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH, vol.8, no.31, pp.55-74, 2008 (SSCI)
Problem Statement: Communication apprehension has become a subject of major concern in education. A sizable body of research exists on communication apprehension in the literature. It is observed that students who have CA do not participate in classroom discussions, do not ask for the missing parts of the lecture, do not ask for help when in need and are not willing to learn in class. The Turkish context also needs comprehensive studies on CA in order to conceptualize and solve the problem. Therefore, we primarily need a communication apprehension scale which is valid and reliable for different age groups in the Turkish culture.