The Revival of Iron Age Cults and Beliefs in East Plain Cilicia, Yukarı Çukurova, in Light of Inscriptions and Material Culture

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Tülek F.

in: Essays in Memory of Filiz Dönmez-Öztürk Recent Work on the Archaeology, Epigraphy and Ancient History of Anatolia,, Bülent Öztürk,Hüseyin Sami Öztürk,Kenan Eren,Bünyan Burak Aykanat, Editor, Homer Yayınları, İstanbul, pp.603-819, 2019

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Other Book
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Publisher: Homer Yayınları
  • City: İstanbul
  • Page Numbers: pp.603-819
  • Editors: Bülent Öztürk,Hüseyin Sami Öztürk,Kenan Eren,Bünyan Burak Aykanat, Editor
  • Kocaeli University Affiliated: Yes


Literary sources, mainly annals and inscriptions, as well as ancient items of illustrative art and material culture provide an insight into the political, economic and religious history of cultures, and are the major resources for our knowledge of ancient societies. Ancient literary sources such as the Annals of Sargon, as official treatises, emphasize the glory of the king, narrating military campaigns, triumphant battles, and treaties. The inscriptions found in Plain Cilicia mostly provide information about the socioeconomics, cults, and beliefs of the region. Archaeological investigations conducted in East Plain Cilicia provide clues with regard to three different cults and beliefs prevalent in the region: these are the cult of the mountain god, the cult of the fertility goddess, and a sacred tree cult. Archaeological finds, some of which bear significant marks, decorations or writings representing such cults in East Plain Cilicia, that is, Yukarı Çukurova Plain in Osmaniye Province, are listed as including an inscription carved on rock, two fragmentary terracotta objects, and a bust statue of a female deity. Cult-related archaeological finds provide an insight to the cults and beliefs of East Plain Cilicia which have survived or been revived and have endured for almost two thousand years in the region.