Comparative evaluation of AI-based intelligent GEP and ANFIS models in prediction of thermophysical properties of Fe3O4-coated MWCNT hybrid nanofluids for potential application in energy systems

Sharma P., Said Z., Memon S., Elavarasan R. M., Khalid M., Xuan Phuong Nguyen X. P. N., ...More

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESEARCH, vol.46, no.13, pp.19242-19257, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 46 Issue: 13
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/er.8010
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Environment Index, INSPEC, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.19242-19257
  • Keywords: artificial intelligence, gene expression programming, machine learning, nanofluids, neuro fuzzy, thermophysical properties, THERMAL-CONDUCTIVITY, DYNAMIC VISCOSITY, OPTIMIZATION, HEAT, PERFORMANCE, GENERATION, NETWORKS, DIESEL, FLUIDS, ANN
  • Kocaeli University Affiliated: Yes


Hybrid nanofluids are gaining popularity owing to the synergistic effects of nanoparticles, which provide them with better heat transfer capabilities than base fluids and normal nanofluids. The thermophysical characteristics of hybrid nanofluids are critical in shaping heat transmission properties. As a result, before using thermophysical qualities in industrial applications, an in-depth investigation of thermophysical properties is required. In this paper, a metamodel framework is constructed to forecast the effect of nanofluid temperature and concentration on numerous thermophysical parameters of Fe3O4-coated MWCNT hybrid nanofluids. Evolutionary gene expression programming (GEP) and an adaptive neural fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) were employed to develop the prediction models. The model was trained using 70% of the datasets, with the remaining 15% used for testing and validation. A variety of statistical measurements and Taylor's diagrams were used to assess the proposed models. The Pearson's correlation coefficient (R), coefficient of determination (R-2) was used for the regression index, the error in the model was evaluated with root mean squared error (RMSE). The model's comprehensive assessment additionally includes modern model efficiency indices such as Kling-Gupta efficiency (KGE) and Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency (NSCE). The proposed models demonstrated impressive prediction capabilities. However, the GEP model (R > 0.9825, R-2 > 0.9654, RMSE = 0.7929, KGE > 0.9188, and NSCE > 0.9566) outperformed the ANFIS model (R > 0.9601, R-2 > 0.9218, RMSE = 1.495, KGE > 0.8015, and NSCE > 0.8745) for the majority of the findings. The generated metamodel was robust enough to replace the repetitive expensive lab procedures required to measure thermophysical properties. Highlights Predictions of thermophysical properties of Fe3O4-coated MWCNT hybrid nanofluid AI-based ANFIS and GEP models performed well on statistical indices ANFIS and GEP-based prognostic models validated and compared with Taylor diagrams