Bleeding risk in patients with acute coronary syndrome in a Turkish population: Results from the Turkish Acute Coronary Syndrome Registry (TACSER) study


Avci E., Kiriş T., Akgün D., Celik A., Akçay F., Acar B. , ...More

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION, vol.50, no.11, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 50 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/eci.13271
  • Title of Journal : EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION

Abstract

Objective Bleeding is one of the most important causes of mortality in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). This study therefore aimed to investigate bleeding risk in patients with ACS who were scheduled to receive dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in Turkey. Methods This was a multicentre, observational, cross-sectional cohort study. The study population included 963 patients with ACS from 12 centres in Turkey. We used the Predicting Bleeding Complication in Patients Undergoing Stent Implantation and Subsequent Dual Antiplatelet Therapy (PRECISE-DAPT) score to predict the bleeding risk for all the patients. The patients were divided into high (>= 25) or low (<25) bleeding risk groups based on their PRECISE-DAPT scores. Results The mean PRECISE-DAPT score was 21.9. Overall, 32.2% of the patients had high PRECISE-DAPT scores (>= 25). Compared with the male patients, the female patients had higher PRECISE-DAPT scores (28.2 +/- 15.7 vs 18.4 +/- 13.6,P < .001). Among the females, the rate of patients with a PRECISE-DAPT score >= 25 was 53%, while among the male patients, the score occurred at a rate of 22%. The female patients had lower haemoglobin (Hb) levels than the male patients (12.1 +/- 1.7 vs 13.8 +/- 1.9,P < .001) and lower creatinine clearance (70.7 +/- 27.5 vs 88.7 +/- 26.3,P < .001). The in-hospital bleeding rates were higher among the patients with high PRECISE-DAPT scores than among those who did not have high scores. Furthermore, the patients with high PRECISE-DAPT scores had a higher in-hospital mortality rate compared with those with low PRECISE-DAPT scores (1% vs 0%,P = .11). Conclusions The mean PRECISE-DAPT score was high among the patients with ACS in this study, indicating that the bleeding tendency was high. This study showed that the PRECISE-DAPT score may help physicians determine the type and duration of DAPT, especially in patients with ACS in Turkey.