The effects of packaging materials on the fatty acid composition, organic acid content, and texture profiles of Tulum cheese


TOMAR O. , AKARCA G., Gok V., Caglar M. Y.

JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE, vol.85, no.10, pp.3134-3140, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 85 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/1750-3841.15404
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE
  • Page Numbers: pp.3134-3140
  • Keywords: fatty acids, packaging, skin bag, texture, Tulum cheese, CHEMICAL-COMPOSITION, PROBIOTIC CULTURES, SENSORY PROPERTIES, LIPOLYSIS, MILK, PROTEOLYSIS, EVOLUTION, SKIN, RAW, MICROSTRUCTURE

Abstract

In this research, Erzincan Tulum cheese was packaged in its original packaging material, the skin bag, small intestine, and appendix to observe the changes in its physical, chemical, and textural properties during storage day. Lactic acid% values increased in all Tulum cheeses throughout storage stage. At the end of the storage period, the highest value was determined in the sample filled in the small intestine (20.10%). All fatty acid values were increased, and the highest increase was identified in oleic acid (C 18:1) (skin bag 2.18%), linoleic acid (18:2) (appendix 0.41%), and palmitic acid (C 16:0) (small intestine 0.34%), respectively. All organic acids increased in stored sample. The highest increase among organic acids was determined to be 4.47% in lactic acid. As a result of the Texture Profile Analyses (TPA), the hardness, and adhesiveness of Tulum cheeses increased during storage periods, whereas the springiness, cohesiveness, and chewiness values decreased. Gumminess value declined in the sample filled into the appendix (with a value of 36.01), whereas it increased in the other two samples. The highest increase in hardness values was 2,520.27 N at given storage time was in the samples filled into appendix while the highest adhesive values of -49.82 were determined in the sample filled into small intestine. Practical Application Tulum cheese is usually produced by filling sheep or goat skin bag. Goat or sheep skin bag are not always available, and the amount of cheese produced in them is excessive. Therefore, cheeses were also filled to small intestine and appendix. At the end of the study, there were no negative effects on cheeses filled with intestine and appendix. The use of small intestine and appendix has helped to develop a product that will be appreciated by the consumers with no adverse effects in the physicochemical and textural properties of cheese.